Akbar 35 wives

Here is list of his 35 wives taken from jehangirnama and other official records. He had around 300 wives, secondary wives and concubines in total. Some of them may not be royals. He had 36 chief wives and 3 chief consorts that included the Empress of Mughal Empire Ruqaiah Sultan, the Empress of Hindustan Hira Kunwari(mother of Prince Salim) and Salima Sultan  


B- Birth, M- Married, D-Death, bur.- Buried


Shahzadi Ruqiya Sultan Begum Sahiba (b. 1542; d at Agra, 5th February1626  (bur. Kabul): Married at Ghazni, 1552, his cousin, Daughter of his paternal uncle, Shahzada Abu Nasir Muhammad Hindal Mirza. Hindal Mirza the youngest and favourite son of Babur and brother of emperor Humayun. She was the longest serving empress of mughal empire(49 years) and the youngest(13 years of age). She is buried in mughal gardens- Kabul next to her father Hindal Mirza. She is one of the three chief Queens and main consort of Emperor Akbar.

Daughter of Abdu’llah Khan Mughal: Married at Mankot, 1557

Shezadi Salima Sultan Begum Sahiba (b. 23rd February 1539; d. at Delhi, 27th December 1612  (bur. in the Mandarkar Garden, Agra): Married before 11th September 1561 , widow of Waqil us-Sultanat, Yar Wafadar, Baradur Neku-siyar, Farzand-i-Saadatmand, Nawab Bairam Khan Bahadur, Khan-i-Khanan [Khan Baba], sometime Vice regent of the Empire, and daughter of Khwaja Nur ud-din Muhammad Mirza [Sayyid Amir], by his wife, Shahzadi Gul Barg Begum Sahiba, daughter of Al-Sultan al-‘Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Zahir ud-din Muhammad and wife of Jalal ud-din Babur Padshah Ghazi, Emperor of India. Salima Sultan was the daughter of Gulbarg Begum was the daughter of emperor Babur. She is one of the three chief Queens and main consort of Emperor Akbar.

Mariam uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba (d. at Agram, 19th May 1623 n.s., bur. Rauza Mariam, Sikandara), Rajkumari Hira Kunwari Sahiba, alias Harkha Bai: Married at Sambhar, 6th February 1562, eldest daughter of Raja Bihari Mal, Raja of Amber. She is one of the three chief Queens and main consort of Emperor Akbar. She was mother of Prince Salim later emperor Jehangir.

Maharajkumari Shri Nathi Bai Sahiba: Married at Nagaur, 1562, , daughter of Maharajadhiraj Parama Bhattarak Shri Maharawal Ji Bairi Hariraj Singh Dev Bahadur, Yadukul Chandrawhal, Bijaimand, Maharaja of Jaisalmer.

Bibi Daulat Shad: Married before 21st August 1563 (secondary wife) the former wife of Abdu’l-Wasi. She was mother of Shezadi Shakrunissa Bano b 1571 and Shezadi Aram Bano b on Dec 22nd 1584.

A daughter of Miran Mubaraq Shah Faruqi II: Married near Mandu, September 1564, a daughter of Miran Mubaraq Shah Faruqi II, King of Khandesh.

A daughter of Fadan Khan.

A daughter of Sultan Muhammad Nasir ud-din Husain Shah: Married 1569, a daughter of Sultan Muhammad Nasir ud-din Husain Shah [Hosaina Shaha] Ghazi, Sultan of Kashmir.

Sindh Begum Sahiba: Married 1570, Sindh Begum Sahiba daughter of Mirza Muhammad Baqi Tarkhan of Thatta, Sind.

Baiji Lal Raj Kanwari Sahiba: Married at Nagaur, 16th November 1570, Baiji Lal Raj Kanwari Sahiba, daughter of Kunwar Shri Kanho [Kanhaji], of Bikaner, and niece of Rao Shri Kalyan Mal, Rao of Bikaner.

Baiji Lal Bhanumati Kanwari Sahiba: Married at Nagaur, 16th November 1570, Baiji Lal Bhanumati Kanwari Sahiba, daughter of Kanwar Sri Bhim Rajji, of Bikaner.

Married 1572, a daughter of Nahar Das Isar Das.

Married 1573, a daughter of Raja Shri Jai Chand, of Nagaur.

Karisma Banu Begum Sahiba: Married at Fatehpur Sikri, 1575, Karisma Banu Begum Sahiba, daughter of Arab Shah.

A daughter of Maharawal Shri Askaran Sahib Bahadur: Married in 1577, a daughter of Maharawal Shri Askaran Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of Dungarpur.

Rajkumari Shri Rukmawati Baiji Lall Sahiba: Married 1581, Rajkumari Shri Rukmawati Baiji Lall Sahiba (d.s.p. before 30th May 1623, bur. Bihishtabad Sikandara, near Agra), daughter of Rao Shri Mal Deoji, Rao of Marwar, by his paswan, Tipu. She was incharge of building gardens in many places across mughal empire especially agra and Delhi. She was youngest sister of Phool Kunwari(Wife of Maharana Pratap and mother of his second son) and Mota Raja Udai Singh and her neice Rajkumari Jodha Bai was married to Prince Salim and mother of Prince Khurram aka Shah Jahan.

A daughter of Raja Shri Kesho Das Rathore: Married 1581, a daughter of Raja Shri Kesho Das Rathore, of Merta.

Married at Lahore, 1594, a daughter of Qazi Isa, of Qazwin.

Married before 1597, a daughter of Nasir Khan.

Married in 1597, a daughter of Sri Sri Maharaja Lakshmi Narayan Bhup Bahadur, Raja of Cooch Behar.

Married Gauhar Khanum, a sister of Shaikh Jamal Bakht Bahaduriyar.

Married Tara Begum Sahiba, who built the Tara Bagh at Agra.

Married Tauti Begum Sahiba who built the Tota Bagh and Tota ka Tal in Agra.

Married a daughter of Hasan Khan of Merta.

Married a maternal niece of Jodhaji Soda, of Nawanagar (d. after 1608).

Married Rajkumari Manbhaoti who built a garden at Agra.

Married Abdar Begum Sahiba (a concubine)

Married Achanak Begum (a concubine), who built the garden of Achanak Bagh, on the banks of the Jamuna river, at Agra.

Married  Bibi Pungrai (a cocubbine)

Married Bibi Aram Bakhsh (a cocubbine) in 1563. She is belived to be mother of the twins Hassan and Hussein

Married Bibi Salima Sultana (a cocubbine) (d. at Lahore, 23rd May 1599). She was mother of Shezadi Khannum born a few days after Shezada Salim, who was broughyt up by Akbar’s mother Hamida Bano.

Married Bibi Khiera (cocubbine) d in 1599 and buried in lahore. She is mother of Shezada Murad.

Married Bibi Mariam (cocubbine) (d. at Lahore, 1596). She was mother of Shezada Daniyal and buried with him at Lahore. Shezade Daniyal was brought up by Mariam uz Zamani Hira Kunwari Sahiba.

Married Bibi Naun (cocubbine)

Married at Srinagar, October 1592, a daughter of Shams Chak, of Kashmir

Emperor Akbar married 12 Rajput princesses in total in 1592

Wife from royal family if called Shehzadi/Rajkumari or father is Shezada/Raja. Else they are not from royal background. Some of these women may be cocubines(maid servants)

Note: With Akbar its difficult to find if they were wives or cocubbines because Akbar’s wife were classified as Chief Wifes, Secondary Wifes and Cocubbines as he had many wives

Royal wifes were also secondary wifes

Cocubbines are usually not from royal or nobel backgrounds

The royal mughal princess and mughal nobels daughters and few Rajputh princesses(from powerful Rajputh families like marwar, amer etc) were designated as high ranking wives.

The first 35 wife’s were chief wife’s of emperor Akbar(not all listed here) and the three chief consorts were Ruqaiah, Salima and Hira Kunwari.


9 thoughts on “Akbar 35 wives

    1. I have given bibliography in akbars children please check the books, data is from there. And also akbars kids as per jehangirnama. I have no idea about other websites data. My data the bibliography is given you can check from those books.


      1. well replied. Jodha Akbar fans are believing fake website which had been created to make money mainly using their ignorance.I hope you write more article like this to explain the mesmerized fans the truth


      2. Thanks, i am only writing history facts from books mostly and very few chronicles. Yes many websites are giving incorrect info, but i strive to mostly write whats in books or said by historians after research rather than hearsay stories(chronicles).


  1. Yusuf

    Not Akbar, but Humayun married the daughter of Jamal Khan of Mewat, shortly before his death, in Delhi. Jamal Khan had 2 daughters, one of whom married Bairam Khan. Easy to confuse this is the Akbarnama of Fazl but the Persian mentions H.M. Jahanbani, it is a “flashback” in the narrative.


    1. she disappeared when sher shah attacked humayun’s tent at mid night along with humayun daughter aqiqah who was 8-9 years old then. Another wife also was never returned. So all these three must have been killed by sher shah forces that night


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