Maharani Padmini

Princess Padmini

Padmini was the second wife of Maharaja of Mewar Rana Rawal Ratan Singh. Maharana Rana Rawal Ratan Singh had won her hand in marriage in a swayamwar. Maharani Padmini was daughter of Maharaja Gandharva and Maharani Champavati of Singhala clan of Sri Lanka.  Rana Rawal Ratan Singh was already married to Queen Nagmati.

Allahuddin Khilji was the Sultan of Delhi and he had only one ambition in life to become a second Alexander the great and conquer as many kingdoms as possible. In 1303 he attacked Mewar whose king was Padmini’s husband Rana Rawal Ratan Singh. The siege took quite a few days and the Mewar army was very less in number compared to Alllahuddin’s army.

The supplies inside Chittorgarh was over after few weeks and Raja Ratan Rawal Singh gave orders to the army to open the gates and fight till death. The Rajputh army fought bravely but were outnumbered by Khilji’s army and Raja Ratan Singh lost his life in battle field. When the bravel Mewar men left for battle field the women of Mewar prepared a jauhar fire and after saying prayers jumped into it led by Maharani Padmini. The battle took place on 26th August 1303. 1600 Rajputh women jumped into the funeral pyre that day. Thus ended the life of Mewars brave Queen Padmini. In later centuries this act of Rani Padmini and other ladies would be emulated by the brave ladies of Rajputh kingdoms after defeat instead of falling into hands of the victorious Muslim rulers.

Alahuddhin Khiji handed the fort to Maldeo, the chief of Jalore and left after a few days back to Delhi.

Note1: As per some fables Raja Ratan Singh was captured by Allahuddin Khiji and kept as prisoner and was rescued by Mewar army. But there is no concrete proof of that fact.

Note2: Alahuddin Khilji never came face to face with Maharani Padmini or saw her face in reflection of mirror or water as some legends state

Note3: Alahuddin Khilji was not truly smitten by Maharani Padmini and that was not reason to attack Mewar. The reason was purely conquest of Mewar. These are all imaginary story created by later day writers



Hira Kunwari

HIHeera Kunwari also called Marium uz Zamani 

Marium uz Zamani pic from akbarnama


Marium uz Zamani – Mary of Ages

Wali Nimat – Gift of God

Malika e Muezzama – Respected innocent and simple

Malika e Hind – Queen of India

Jehangir called her Hazrat means Her Holiness (saint)

Date of Birth: 1st October 1542

Place of Birth: Amer (Jaipur)

Father: Raja Bharamal of Amer

Mother: Rani Mynavati

Marriage: 6th Feb 1562

Place of Marriage: Sambhar

Husband: Mughal Emperor Jalalluddin Mohammad Akbar

Children: Prince Salim (Emperor Jehangir)

Death: 19th May 1623

Place of Burial: Marium uz Zamani Tomb, Sikandara in Agra built by Emperor Jehangir


Salim – A prince in exile

Bala Qila fort is in the city of Alwar in Rajasthan. Alwar fort was built by Hasan Khan Mewati in 1551 A.D.  The fort has six gates, namely, Jai Pol, Suraj Pol, Laxman Pol, Chand Pol, Krishen Pol and Andheri Gates. The fort also has Jai Mahal, Nikumbh Mahal, Salim Sagar Pond, Suraj Kund and many temples.

Bala Qila Fort
Bala Qila Fort


It is said that Prince Salim later Emperor Jehangir stayed in this Bala Qila fort when his father, the great Emperor Akbar banished him for three years from mughal court. The reason for banishment is not provided in any historical book. But the reason could be an attempt on Abul Fazl life or an affair with a commoner girl. This was when Salim was hardly 25 years old before his rebellion against Akbars rule. Abul Fazl was the court chronicler and a navrathan of Akbars court. The duration he stayed here is not specific but his exile lasted three years.


The place where Emperor Jahangir stayed in Bala Qila is known as Salim Mahal. A pond is also named in his honour called Salim Sagar pond.

Akbar – The Qamargah Hunt

This peculiar ncident is recorded by Prince Dalpat of Bikaner who was in service of Akbar in his book Dalpat Vilas.

Akbar was on a hunt to Qamargah and travelled from Chandnot and Hazra to Bhera. While Akbar went on a hunting trip to Girjhak(Jabalpur) the nobels played kabbadi. The emperor who returned after hunt went to his tent and the nobels dressed up and went to pay their respects to Akbar.

Akbar was bathing in the river jehlum and ordered Salim to join him. Salim was hesitant as the river was in spate so Akbar pulled him into river and dunked him into the river a few times.

The Prince Dhanaji was whipped by Akbar for being late to the meeting. Prithdip was also whipped because he had got his nephew Randhirot to the meeting. Prithdip felt so humiliated he stabbed himself. Akbar got wild at this and ordered Prithdip to be trampled by his elephant but the elephant would not move. Akbar left in frustration to spend time with ladies of his harem.

Man Singh arrived in afternoon that day and went to pay respect to Akbar. Akbar told Man Singh to provide medical help to Randhirot but Man Singh found that he was already dead and they cremated him. After returning from his cremation Man Singh, Madhav Singh and Prince Dalpat went to meet Akbar. Akbar was in foul mood and was shouting that muslims must eat pigs and hindus cows.

He removed his turban and asked the royal barber to shave off his head but the baber was so terried he ran off. Akbar took a dragger and started shaving his head himself. The dragger was taken off by one of his noble Shah Fataullah. All the assembled nobels both Rajputh and muslims were instructed to take off their turbans. The emperor had his head shaved. He praised the Rathores and Rajawats but called Shekawats mere jats. Finally somehow with great difficulty Shah Fataullah took him to his sleeping chambers.

Next day the nobels gathered again for his audience. Akbar was having his beard shaved off but permitted the nobels to retain theirs. He was shouting that he would invade firangs etc. Akbar removed his turban and it was torn off and a piece was given to each nobel with gangajal. The animals that were surrounded for hunt were released and Akbar proceeded to Fatehpur Sikri on sixth day.

Prince Dalpat of Bikaner from Rathore clan wrote Dalpat Vilas

In modern times Akbars behaviour can be diagnosed as a grave mental illness

Note: Akbars mother Hamida Banos family had an history of mental illness