Forbidden Love: Khizir Khan Khilji and Dewal Rani Devi

Khizir Khan Khilji was eldest son of Allahuddin Khilji from his wife Mallika Jahan daughter of Jalaluddin Khilji. Dewal Rani Devi was the daughter of Kamala Devi the favourite wife of Allauddin Khilji and her first husband, Raja of Guajarat Raj Karan deva II. Allauddin Khiljji married Kamala Devi and she became his favourite and requested that her daughter from first marriage be brought to Delhi back from her first husband.

A few days later Khizir Khan and Dewal Rani fell in love with each other. The marriage was met with opposition by Allauddin Khilji and Mallika Jahan because by relation they were half siblings. But Khizir Khan defied Allauddin Khilji orders to stay away from Dewal Rani and they both continued meeting. Mallika Jahan, Khizir’s mother was not fine with the relation and tried many ways to separate them like sending them away to different city and by keeping Dewal Rani in house arrest. But nothing worked, Khizir love for her only increased with every step to separate them. Finally seeing Khizirs despair at staying away from Dewal Rani, Mallika Jahan and Allauddin Khilji had no option but to agree for marriage of both.

The marriage of Khizir Khan and Dewal Ran took place in 1316. Mallik Kafur the commander of Allauddin Khilji instigated him to imprison Mlalika Jahan’s sons Khizir Khan and Shadi Khan in fort of Gwalior. Mallik Kafur treated Khizir Khan and his brother like enemy of state and tortured them. Dewal Rani was only constant companion of Khizir Khan in his imprisonment.

Allahuddin Khilji was on death bed in 1316 and asked for Khizir Khan so he can be anointed as next emperor but Mallik Kaafur cleverly delayed the matter till Allauddin was dead. Indeed Allauddin Khilji was killed by Mallik Kafur only as per many historians.

Mallik Kafur placed youngest son of Allauddin Khilji, a six year old called Umar on throne. He sent people to blind both Khizir and Shadi Khan. Mubarak Shah the third son of Allauddin Khilji and Mallika Jahan somehow escaped an assaination plot. A few months later bodyguards of Allauddin Khilji murdered Mallik Kafur and appointed Mubarak Shah as regent of Umar Shah. Mubarak Shah imprisoned Umar, the six year old kid and became emperor himself.

Mubarak too had an eye for Dewal Rani who was beautiful and asked Khizir to hand her over to him, but Khizir refused. Mubarak decided to kill Khizir and sent people to kill him in prison. In the attack, Dewal Rani’s both hands were cut off as she cling to Khizir as assains attacked him and refused to move back. Thus ended a great love story of forbidden love between Khizir Khilji and Dewal Rani. Mubarak forcibly took Dewal Rani in his harem and treated her as a slave girl to humiliate his brother Khizirs memories.

Please read more on Ishquia or Ashiqa / Mathnavi Duval Rani-Khizr Khan (Romance of Duval Rani and Khizr Khan) by Amir Khusrau

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Queen Kamal Devi – Allauddin Khilji’s Rajputh wife

Contrary to popular beliefs that Akbar was first muslim ruler to marry a Hindu Raajputh wife and give her a high exalted position in his palace and family, there are many others before him who have done the same. Allauddin Khilji was one of them.

Allauddin Khilji attacked the kingdom of Gujarath in year 1299 with a huge army led by Nusrat Khan and Ulugh Khan who were Alla- uddin Khiji’s brothers. Raja Rai Karan Dev II was the Bagela Rajputh King ruling Gujarath in those times.

The army met in battle around June 1299 but after sometime the army of Delhi Sultanate was too strong and Raja Rai Karan Dev left Gujarath and took shelter in other kingdom. Ulugh Khan ransacked the city of Anahilavada and captured the wealth of the city and Raja Karan Devs wifes including his chief consort Queen Kamala Devi and were taken to Delhi.

Allauddin Khilji fell in love and married Kamala Devi and she became his favourite Queen. This infuriated his first wife Mallika Jahan the daughter of Jalal uddin Khilji to no end. Queen Kamala Devi had a daughter Dewal Rani Devi from her previous marriage to King Raja Rai Karan Dev II who had fled with her father during conquest of Gujarat. The Queen Kamal Devi missed her daughter and requested Allauddin Khilji to get her daughter back to her. Allauddin Khilji sent his army under Ulugh Khan and got back Kamala Devis daughter to Delhi.

The Jain writer of those times Merutunga’s book Vichara Shreni states that Raja Rai Karan Deva II Minister Madhav had a role in Allauddin Khilji attacking Gujarath. As per the story Raja Rai Karan Deva had a eye for women and he abducted the beautiful wife of Madhava and took her to his harem(palace). While trying to save Madhavs wife, his younger brother was killed by Raja Karan Deva II. This infuriated Madhav and he went to Delhi and instigated Allauddin Khilji to attack Gujarat.

 

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Maharani PADMINI and CHITTORGARH WAR

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Princess Padmini

Padmini was the second wife of Maharaja of Mewar Rana Rawal Ratan Singh. Maharana Rana Rawal Ratan Singh had won her hand in marriage in a swayamwar. Maharani Padmini was daughter of Maharaja Gandharva and Maharani Champavati of Singhala clan of Sri Lanka.  Rana Rawal Ratan Singh was already married to Queen Nagmati.

Allahuddin Khilji was the Sultan of Delhi and he had only one ambition in life to become a second Alexander the great and conquer as many kingdoms as possible. In 1303 he attacked Mewar whose king was Padmini’s husband Rana Rawal Ratan Singh. The siege took quite a few days and the Mewar army was very less in number compared to Alllahuddin’s army.

The supplies inside Chittorgarh was over after few weeks and Raja Ratan Rawal Singh gave orders to the army to open the gates and fight till death. The Rajputh army fought bravely but were outnumbered by Khilji’s army and Raja Ratan Singh lost his life in battle field. When the bravel Mewar men left for battle field the women of Mewar prepared a jauhar fire and after saying prayers jumped into it led by Maharani Padmini. The battle took place on 26th August 1303. 1600 Rajputh women jumped into the funeral pyre that day. Thus ended the life of Mewars brave Queen Padmini. In later centuries this act of Rani Padmini and other ladies would be emulated by the brave ladies of Rajputh kingdoms after defeat instead of falling into hands of the victorious Muslim rulers.

Alahuddhin Khiji handed the fort to Maldeo, the chief of Jalore and left after a few days back to Delhi.

Note1: As per some fables Raja Ratan Singh was captured by Allahuddin Khiji and kept as prisoner and was rescued by Mewar army. But there is no concrete proof of that fact.

Note2: Alahuddin Khilji never came face to face with Maharani Padmini or saw her face in reflection of mirror or water as some legends state

Note3: Alahuddin Khilji was not truly smitten by Maharani Padmini and that was not reason to attack Mewar. The reason was purely conquest of Mewar. These are all imaginary story created by later day writers

 

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Hira Kunwari

HIHeera Kunwari also called Marium uz Zamani 

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Marium uz Zamani pic from akbarnama

Titles 

Marium uz Zamani – Mary of Ages

Wali Nimat – Gift of God

Malika e Muezzama – Respected innocent and simple

Malika e Hind – Queen of India

Jehangir called her Hazrat means Her Holiness (saint)

Date of Birth: 1st October 1542

Place of Birth: Amer (Jaipur)

Father: Raja Bharamal of Amer

Mother: Rani Mynavati

Marriage: 6th Feb 1562

Place of Marriage: Sambhar

Husband: Mughal Emperor Jalalluddin Mohammad Akbar

Children: Prince Salim (Emperor Jehangir)

Death: 19th May 1623

Place of Burial: Marium uz Zamani Tomb, Sikandara in Agra built by Emperor Jehangir